Nazi flag

The flag of the Third Reich

The Third Reich, also known as Nazi Germany, was a totalitarian state on the planet Earth ruled by Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP). The period stretches from Hitler's assumption of power (30 January 1933) to Karl Dönitz's surrender at the end of World War II (8 May 1945). The state had two official names: from 1933 to 1943, Deutsches Reich (German Reich; Germany's official name since the 19th century); and from 1943 to 1945, Großdeutsches Reich (Greater German Reich).